While placing the grammar school, we tried to designate a central position that is well connected to the primary grammar school, and well organized the outdoor areas around it, both towards the city and the school yard. The proposed location in the area of the demolished wings allows a number of good urban connections.
Between the grammar school and the sports hall building, in the area of the current car parks, a new urban space, an agora, will be created, which can become the central venue for the small town. With its shady covers, green and water surface, it is filled with bustling city life, but you can also find some calm space for recreation.
In the city square, a light, playful shade ensures the covered connection between the grammar school and the sports hall building. Elements that fit into a simple raster form a central water surface or green cassettes in a special position, but the pedestrian connection of the underground garage is also located under the umbrella. The urban central space thus serves the needs of waiting and gathering before and after school hours, while creating a peaceful recreation space for the whole city.
The compact mass of the grammar school and sports hall is connected to the primary school building by 1-1 neck. In the direction of the hall, it is a shorter, wide connection as a gallery of mobile stands, and in the direction of the gymnasium, there is a longer row of space with a direct visual connection in the direction of the courtyard and the street.
The schoolyard is thus divided into three areas. Behind the grammar school and sports hall will be a larger sports courtyard, gym hall, a primary school and a new connecting wing will create a sheltered courtyard for high school students, and a playground for primary school children next to the gym on the south side.
The mass of the gym hall, to reduce the volume built and make the school less shaded, was given a level of -1.
An important consideration in designing a new educational buildings was the selection of durable and sustainable construction methods. In view of the extraordinary conditions of the country, we preferred the use of wood in both supporting structures and coverings.
The large-span hall structure of the gymnasium is made of glued wooden columns and beams. The advantage of the gym located on the -1 level is that it closes where it is functionally necessary, along the playground, while it is pierced on higher surfaces, thus creating a visual connection between the garden and the gym. On the north sides, shading is not needed, and on the south, the existing larger trees help to shading the room. The dense support grid also allows the facade membrane to be fixed without additional divisions.
At the grammar school building, we also thought of a wooden structure. The 3.2-meter square mesh grid results in rational structural cross-sections and allows for a flexible, logical interior design. The materials of the columns on the ground floor are reinforced concrete, and the multi-storey wooden frame is placed on this.
The rigidity of the building is provided by the central reinforced concrete core, around which the lightweight frame is built with dry technology. Thus, after finishing the basement level and central core, it allows for a quick and clean execution.
Tamás Fialovszky, Gergely Kenéz, Hunor Szántó, Sándor Pálfy, Katalin Varga